How To Tell When Plantains Are Ripe

As a fan of plantains, you know the importance of having them at the perfect stage of ripeness when cooking.

How To Tell When Plantains Are Ripe

Unlike bananas, plantains must be cooked before consumption, and this stage determines their texture and flavor in the final dish.

Differences Between Plantains and Bananas

Before we go into the ripening process of plantains, it's essential to be familiar with their differences.

Though they may appear similar, plantains are more extensive and feature thicker skin. They're starchier and less sweet than bananas, making them perfect for savory dishes.

On the other hand, bananas tend to have more sweetness, often eaten raw or used in dessert recipes.

Factors Affecting Plantain Ripening

Temperature, humidity, and light exposure affect how quickly these fruits ripen.

Plantains tend to ripen faster in warmer climates with high humidity levels; thus why they mature so rapidly in tropical regions. On the contrary, stored in a cool and dry place takes them longer to ripen.

Exposure to light can also affect the ripening process. Direct sunlight causes the skin to turn brown and ripen unevenly, so storing your produce in a cool, dark place like a pantry or cupboard is best.

Signs to Look for in Determining Plantain Ripeness

When determining the ripeness of plantains, one of the first indicators is their skin color.

Unripe plants appear green; as they ripen, their skin turns yellow or black; however, color alone cannot guarantee ripeness; some black-skinned plantains may still be underripe conditions.

One indication of ripeness is in the firmness; when unripe, they feel firm to the touch; as they ripen, they become softer.

Be wary of overripe, mushy plantains that may have an unpleasant odor.

Overripe plantain
Overripe plantain

Tips for Storing Plantains to Achieve Optimal Ripeness

Storing plantains is essential for achieving optimal ripeness.

If you want your vegetables to ripen quickly, store them in a warm and humid area like a paper bag or bowl covered with plastic wrap. This traps the ethylene gas produced by the plants, speeding up their ripening process.

If you want them to ripen slowly, keep them in a cool and dry place like a pantry or cupboard.

Refrigerating will cause the skin to turn black; however, this won't affect the fruit inside; they'll usually ripen.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Determining Ripeness of Plantains

One standard error people make when determining ripeness is relying solely on skin color.

Unfortunately, color alone isn't always an accurate indicator.

Another mistake people make is mistaking overripe plantains for ripe ones; overripe fruits tend to be mushy and may have a fermented smell, making them unfit for cooking.

Utilizing Plantains at Different Stages of Ripeness

Plantains can be used at various stages of ripeness, depending on the recipe. Unripe work best for savory dishes like tostones or chips, as they remain firm when fried.

Ripe plantains make great sweet dishes like maduros or plantain bread since they are soft and flavorful.

If they are beginning to turn black, you can use them for dishes like mofongo or plantain soup.

Overripe plantains also make great cakes or pancakes.


Can unripe plantains be eaten?

Unripe plantains can be eaten, but they should be cooked first. Unripe varieties are starchy and lack flavor, making them ideal for adding depth to savory dishes.

How can you tell when plantain is overripe?

Overripe fruits have a mushy texture and may emit an unpleasant odor when handled. They may also exhibit black or brown spots on their skins.

Can Ripe Plantains Be Frozen?

Absolutely. Peel and slice them before freezing them in a single layer on a baking sheet. Once frozen, transfer to a freezer bag and store in your freezer.


Knowing when they are ripe is essential for getting the ideal texture and flavor when cooking.

Unlimited Recipes
Unlimited Recipes

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