Thai cuisine has been one of the most popular types of cooking for a long time now. It uses unique spices and ingredients to give its dishes a strong and delicious flavor. There are many different Thai spices available for purchase, but it can be hard to distinguish good quality from bad quality. Below we have listed the most popular Thai spices used in modern cuisine to help you find what you are looking for.
1. Galangal (Kha)
Galangal is a common name for several tropical rhizomatous spices. This is the most common type of galangal. Its use in food cooking depends on the specific cuisine. Although the spices are all similar, they differ slightly in flavor and preparation. Listed below are some of the most common uses of galangal in cooking.
Originally from China, galangal was used in Ayurvedic medicine. Unlike other spices, the flavor does not linger. Instead, it hits you without a burning sensation. Despite the spice’s pungent aroma, it also has many uses and benefits. This article will outline some of these uses. Regardless of its culinary uses, galangal is a wonderful addition to your spice cupboard.
Fresh galangal is an excellent spice to add to dishes. Its flavor is more intense when used fresh, while ground galangal is milder and more potent. If you’re cooking with fresh galangal, be sure to remove it before serving because it has a much stronger flavor than in powdered form. The powder form is easier to use and eliminates the need to peel the root. It also has a peppery ginger taste that is often mixed with other spices to create a paste.
Fresh galangal is an ideal way to add this spice to your cooking. It is easy to prepare, just like ginger. To prepare the spice, peel it with a paring knife. Once peeled, mince it finely and slice it thinly. Since the root does not have a lot of moisture, you can use it in almost any recipe. Try it in soups, stir-fries, and sauces.
2. Dried Chillies (Prik-haeng)
Dried chilies are an ideal condiment, due to their mild yet spicy flavor. They can be used to spice up meat dishes, sauces, and vegetables, and can even be eaten as snacks. Their high level of pungency makes them a popular addition to hot pepper products. Their availability in the market has made them popular among foodies worldwide. However, their high price has led to a decrease in their popularity in the West.
To reduce the amount of heat, dried chilies should be ground to a powder. A coarse powder can be made with a pestle. A coffee grinder or spice grinder will do the job quickly, while a blender gadget can speed up the process. The process of drying chilies must be done carefully, as it uses energy and can cause harm to the environment. In order to reduce energy consumption, choose a power source that uses natural, renewable energy whenever possible.
The Netherlands is the biggest importer of dried chilies. In 2018, it imported more than ten thousand tonnes of dried chilies from around the world. Although it accounts for a relatively small share of the total, Spain is an important hub for trade in Europe, and 75% of the imported chilies are re-exported. Clean label dried chilies have less added sugar, fats, and oils than their traditional counterparts.
3. Lemongrass (Takhir)
Cymbopogon is a type of grass that grows in Southeast Asia, Africa, and Australia. The plant is also known as citronella grass, Cochin grass, and silky heads. It is also used to make essential oils and cosmetics. It is commonly found in gardens and is available at most health food stores. There are many uses for lemongrass, including in cooking, perfume, and cleaning. Here are some of those uses.
The lower stalk of lemongrass is yellow and the upper stalk is green. Look for brown outer leaves. Remove these from the lemongrass before using them. Once dried, place the stem in the soil. Within 10 days, new lemongrass blades will sprout. Quality lemongrass can be stored in the refrigerator for up to two weeks. It freezes well. If frozen, its fresh flavor will remain, making it easier to cut and use. It is best to purchase stalks that are at least one foot long.
To preserve lemongrass for later use, chop the stem into 3-inch lengths and freeze them in freezer bags. To avoid freezer burn, use a vacuum sealer to seal the bags. This will keep the lemongrass from drying out. Once frozen, the leaves can be used as needed.
4. Clove (Kan Phul)
Cloves are a natural spice. These buds are dried and ground to make whole or ground cloves. They are commonly used in food preparation, as a flavoring in dishes like stewed fruit, pickles, pies, and salads. In addition to being widely used as a flavoring, cloves can be used to mask the odor of spoiled foods.
Though clove is small and bitter-tasting, it is also known to be an effective anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agent. Aside from its aromatic properties, this plant is rich in essential vitamins, minerals, Omega 3 fatty acids, and phytochemicals, making it an excellent food to include in your diet. The benefits of cloves are numerous, and they can be used any time of the day, whether cold or upset stomach. If you have a sensitivity to cloves, you should not consume them.
In China, clove has aphrodisiac properties. People traditionally applied ground cloves on cuts as a remedy for healing. In the United States, people drink clove tea to relieve congestion, and people also use clove oil for reducing stretch marks and headaches. Lastly, it is a popular insect repellent.
5. Cumin (Yee-rah)
Cumin is a flowering plant in the Apiaceae family. It is native to the Iran-Turanian Region. Its seeds can be used in many cultures and come in ground or whole form. The seeds are extremely versatile and can be ground into powder or added to recipes. Here are some of the most common ways to use cumin. These are just a few ideas to get you started. Once you have a basic understanding of cumin, you can start using it in your cooking.
First, let’s talk about cumin’s appearance. It comes in tiny umbelliferous pods with five longitudinal ridges and three secondary ridges. It has a rounded boat shape and has minute bristles attached. It also resembles caraway seeds. This is because it is similar to caraway seeds, but it is much lighter and has a different taste. It has a pronounced aroma and tastes like a combination of garlic and onions.
While cumin is mostly known for its culinary uses, it also has a long medicinal and cultural history. It is often added to soups and stir-fried dishes for its savory flavor. You can even use it as an ingredient in raitas, salads, and chaats.
6. Turmeric (Khmin)
What is turmeric? This spice is a flowering plant in the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. The rhizomes, the root portion of this plant, are used in cooking. In cooking, the spice is used to make dishes yellow or orange. The rhizomes are also referred to as curcuma. It is widely used in Indian cuisine. Its use is widespread, and it has been cultivated for hundreds of years.
The root part of the turmeric plant is harvested for this spice. The roots are used to make curry powder and tea. The rhizomes of the spice are dried for five to seven days. The rhizomes range in length from 2.5 to 7.5 cm and are often sold in ground form. They contain a compound called curcumin, an antioxidant. When the rhizomes are alkalized, they become reddish-brown, and the tincture turns violet when the turmeric is dried.
Turmeric is a popular spice and is obtained from the underground part of the plant. Its native regions include Southeast Asia, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and China. It is also grown in the Caribbean, Haiti, and Jamaica. The largest producer of turmeric is India. Various studies have confirmed the benefits of turmeric. You can add it to your food, as it is an excellent antioxidant. If you’re looking for a turmeric supplement, try to avoid any that contain black pepper as this ingredient may interfere with absorption.
7. Pandan (Bai toei)
Pandanus amaryllifolius is a plant native to Southeast and South Asia that is widely grown for its sweet, aromatic leaves. Its flavor is used in a wide variety of dishes, from soups to desserts. In South Asia and Southeast Asia, pandan is used to flavor a wide variety of foods, including ice cream and coffee. Read on to find out more about pandan.
First, let’s discuss the flavor. As a herb, pandan has a tangy, citrusy flavor that can be quite delicate or strong. It is also a good source of beta carotene, a precursor to Vitamin A. These nutrients are beneficial for the immune system and eyes. Hence, pandan is a great addition to dishes containing fish, seafood, and vegetables. It can be used to season dishes as well.
Another use for pandan is to make an extract or juice. You can buy pure extracts or artificial extracts from supermarkets or Asian grocery stores. Just be sure to read the ingredients list to make sure you’re getting a pure product. You can purchase these products online or from your local Asian market. If you can’t find any, you can try using artificially-grown pandan. It’s also worth mentioning that some commercial products even offer the flavor of pandan.
8. Culantro (Phak chi farang)
Culantro, or eryngium, is a tropical perennial herb in the Apiaceae family. Known by various common names, it is also known as Mexican coriander, sawtooth coriander, ng gai, ng kwa, and ng gai ji. It has an aromatic, peppery flavor, and is great for enhancing the flavors of a variety of dishes.
Because of its flavor, Culantro is a favorite among chefs for its distinctive pungent aroma and distinct flavor. Its bitterness can be used to season dishes without overpowering the flavors. However, it is not a substitute for a balanced diet, and it will improve the taste of almost any dish. In addition to its culinary value, it is also useful for preserving food.
Because of its pungent, unique aroma, culantro is a popular addition to many cuisines. Its pungent smell lends it a unique flavor and attracts beneficial insects to its plant. As an added bonus, it is easily stored in the refrigerator. Although the leaves can be cooked, it is not advisable to cook them whole because they can become tough. Instead, it is best to finely chop the leaves and store them in a jar for future use.
Culantro is native to Central and South America. It grows well in subtropical and tropical climates. The best place to buy it is in the Caribbean or the West Indies. It is not widely available outside of these areas, but it can be found in the United States and Canada. If you can get hold of some cilantro, it’s worth buying it.
9. Centella Asiatica (Bai bua bok)
The Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans have all used Centella Asiatica for centuries. While it is an herb that has a variety of different names, its primary function is to treat wounds and illnesses. Its high levels of antioxidants and amino acids make it one of the most effective herbal remedies on the market. In addition to its pharmacological benefits, Centella Asiatica is also rich in many other substances that help the body heal itself.
Centella Asiatica benefits the skin by reducing inflammation. It also contains substances that can help your skin repair itself after an injury. It has also shown a beneficial effect on focal and systemic scleroderma in animal models. There are no clinical trials of Centella Asiatica, but it is a popular herbal remedy in some Asian countries. While it has a variety of medicinal uses, it is not recommended for use in humans due to its limited availability.
Although Centella Asiatica is known to help with inflammatory conditions, it has also been shown to have benefits for the skin when taken topically. Studies have indicated that Centella Asiatica has antibacterial and antioxidant properties, as well as promoting the growth of new skin cells in affected areas. However, it is important to note that these studies are generally conducted on mice or rats, so there are limited results for human trials.
10. Fingerroot (Krachai)
Fingerroot (Boesenbergia rotunda) is a spice, herb, and ornamental plant that originates in China and Southeast Asia. Its main medicinal uses are to treat digestive disorders and improve circulation. It is also known as Chinese ginger or lesser galangal. It has many health benefits. In addition to being a spice, fingerroot can be used as a tea. In cooking, it is a popular condiment and can make dishes taste better.
In Asian countries, fingerroot is a vital ingredient in many dishes. In addition to being a condiment, it is used to treat various illnesses, including diabetes, liver problems, and even HIV/AIDS patients. It has also been known to increase sperm counts, treat colds, and fight viral infections. The rhizome is highly toxic, but the leaves are safe for consumption.
Fingerroot is rich in antioxidants and essential vitamins. It is also an excellent source of dietary fiber and iron. Phytochemicals found in fingerroot include boesenbergin, prenyl, and kaempferol. The plant is beneficial for the treatment of ulcers and other infections caused by the H. pylori bacteria. It is used to treat male sexual dysfunction and is said to boost male libido. In addition to treating urinary tract infections, fingerroot contains a phytochemical known as krachaizin.
Apart from its culinary uses, fingerroot has also been shown to be an effective anti-anthelmintic. Its oil is also a powerful bactericidal and can be used in mouthwash formulations. Aside from its culinary benefits, it also has anti-inflammatory properties.
11. Ginger (Khing)
There are two ways to use ginger. You can use the young root, which is also known as green ginger, or the mature root, which has a spicier flavor and requires peeling. Both forms have the same flavor, and they are both useful. Fresh ginger should be firm, with yellow flesh, and should not be slimy, moldy, or discolored. In addition, it should be free of bruising. It can be ground, chopped, or julienned.
Both candied and crystallized ginger has various culinary uses, and they’re best for preserving. Both types are made by cooking the rhizomes in sugar syrup and coating them with granulated sugar. However, it’s best to use fresh ginger, as old ginger does not have the same flavor. And even when it’s fresh, store it in an airtight container to prevent spoilage. Aside from being a useful addition to your spice collection, ginger also has a long medicinal history.
Ginger is one of the most popular spices in the world, and it has many benefits. It can help relieve indigestion and menstrual cramps. And because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, it can protect the body from cell damage and fight chronic disease. But if you’re taking ginger for medicinal purposes, it’s important to note that it’s not safe to take more than a gram of ginger daily. It may also increase your risk of developing diabetes, so you should avoid taking too much of it.
12. Vietnamese coriander (Phak phai)
The spicy flavor of Vietnamese coriander, also called Rau Ram in Vietnam, makes it a popular herb. The plants are easy to grow and add a mildly peppery spice to most dishes. They are excellent for curries and stir-fries, and their broad, green leaves can be used in salads and cooking. To grow Vietnamese coriander, prepare the soil by adding compost or fertilizer. Water the plant two to three times daily, and provide additional moisture when the weather turns hot.
Vietnamese coriander is an herb that is grown primarily in home gardens, where its warm climate makes it a desirable crop. It is a great substitute for cilantro in the U.S., Europe, and Australia. Its fragrant and pungent foliage, leaves, and oil can be combined with other herbs to make a variety of tasty dishes. It is also used as a spice in Laotian cooking. And with so many benefits, it is an ideal plant for beginners or experienced gardeners.
Growing Vietnamese coriander is simple and quick. It only needs moist soil, and it will grow to around 15 inches tall. It does not require much water, but it needs to be kept moist and in a sunny spot. It prefers boggy or wet areas. It will require morning and evening watering. However, Vietnamese coriander is more difficult to grow than cilantro. It can survive dry soil, but will probably not produce the best yield.
13. Dill (Phak chi lao)
Dill can be used in salads and for enhancing pickles. It is also great for sausages, cabbage, and potatoes. If you are not a fan of dill, you can substitute other herbs in salad dressings. Several other uses for dill are in herbal medicine, such as making tea, soap, and ice cream. Read on to discover the different uses of dill.
Dill is not a poison, but it can cause allergic reactions in some people. Although it is safe to consume dill in small quantities, it is best to avoid it if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Dill can be used as a garnish or in potato salads. In addition, it can add flavor to fish and lamb. It can also be used in salad dressings and sauces. If you want to use dill in your cooking, make sure that you use the whole dill leaves rather than dill seeds.
Dill has a distinct flavor, so it is great for a garnish. The feathery leaves add a savory, aromatic taste to your dishes. Dill can be added to salads or in dressings, and it is a crucial ingredient in homemade ranch dressing. The leaves can also be dried and stored in jars.
14. Thai sweet basil (Horapha)
When searching for a restaurant that specializes in Thai food, a few options come to mind. There are many places to find great dishes that incorporate Thai ingredients, but you can also find Chinese and Indonesian dishes at many local establishments.
The most notable difference between Italian and Thai basil is flavor. The former has a peppery, anise-like flavor, while the latter is more licorice-like and has a slightly spicy flavor. Both have a pesto-like aroma. Both can be used in a variety of recipes, including salads, pasta, and sauces. You can also use them in gourmet cocktail recipes. However, you should know that Thai basil requires a little more space than common sweet basil.
In addition to the distinct flavor, Thai sweet basil is easy to find. While it is often available at specialty grocery stores in Southeast Asia, it can also be found online. It should be bright and not be too dried out. You can use the leaves for cooking and as a condiment. It will bring a spicy herbal flavor to your dish. If you’re not sure whether you want to purchase Thai basil, it’s best to contact your local grocery store.
15. Holy basil (Kaphrao)
Holy basil is a common herb used in many different ways, but it’s most popular in Asia, where it’s known as tulsi. The plant is actually a member of the Lamiaceae family but is native to the Indian subcontinent. Today, it’s cultivated throughout the tropics of Southeast Asia. The most common use of holy basil is to promote healing and happiness. To learn more about this herb, read on.
The best place to buy holy basil is a health store or Asian grocer. It is the most widely grown herb in the world and can be found in almost any market. You can also buy tulsi tea in health food stores or online. It’s important to use this herb as directed. It can help you combat inflammation, reduce pain, and support your digestive system. If you’re suffering from nausea or headaches, holy basil is also a great choice.
There are many ways to use holy basil. It can be taken in capsule or pill form and can be used for digestive issues, skin conditions, and eye conditions. You can also find it in topical ointments or as a topical remedy. Both options contain the herb’s essential oil. In addition to the benefits listed above, it can help with several different health problems. While holy basil is a great herb to include in your daily diet, you should always consult a medical professional before using it.
16. Lemon basil (Maenglak)
Lemon Basil is a versatile herb with a sweet, lemony aroma. Its leaves are narrow and oval in shape, and its stem is purple. It is often used in Thai and Indonesian cooking. Unlike the more familiar Sweet Basil, Lemon Basil does not have a strong, pungent aroma. Its aromatic oil is relatively easy to make and can be frozen for later use.
Lemon basil is native to India and is believed to have been a wild plant since ancient times. It spread throughout Southeast Asia during the early ages, becoming a widely-cultivated herb in the region. It was brought to the United States during the 17th century but it was never commercially grown. Despite the sour flavor, it has a variety of health benefits. It is known for its anti-inflammatory properties and is a source of beta-carotene, a type of antioxidant that protects the body from damaging UV rays.
Lemon basil is available all year long, but it is best to use it in the summertime because it is in its peak season. In the United States, lemon basil can be found in most grocery stores. While it’s common in Asian cuisines, it is not widely available in the United States. The herb can also be purchased in seed form through online retailers. Growing it in your own backyard is a great way to enjoy its many uses.
17. Bird’s eye chili (Phrik khi nu)
The Bird’s eye chili is one of the hottest types of chilies. Its seeds are found in Southeast Asia. Its pods are 5 cm long and 2 cm wide, and change color from purple to pink and orange. The bright red color of the resulting slender fruit is the most distinctive characteristic of this chili, and it gives the dish a unique flame-like appearance. The spicy flavor is a welcome addition to any dish.
The Bird’s eye chili originated in Thailand but has spread throughout the world. Its namesake, “Kochchi,” originates from Central America. During the early spring and summer months, it is best to plant bird’s eye chili seeds. It will grow better in a south-facing window. A south-facing window will help the plant develop more quickly. It will grow more slowly without extra light and ventilation, so it is important to give it ample air circulation and provide ample ventilation to prevent the growth of unstable plants.
The plant is part of the Amen Organic project, which supports small-time farmers and the environment. The farmers are paid fair prices for the chilies they grow, and the quality of the peppers is of high quality. The chilies are sold as seeds, and their seeds can be dried and picked for future use. While they are delicious and fresh, it is best to store them in a fridge or freezer and enjoy them at their peak!
18. Spearmint (Saranae)
The spearmint plant is widely used for cooking, bathing and cleaning. Its common names include garden mint, lamb mint, mackerel mint and common mint. It is native to southern Asia and Europe and stretches from Ireland to southern China. For its culinary uses, spearmint is an important ingredient in many recipes. It can be found in many types of food and beverages. Here are a few uses for spearmint.
To add a fresh sprig of spearmint to a glass of water, simply steep the leaves in about five minutes. You can also use spearmint leaves in salads, yogurt, lemonade and smoothies. Its taste and aroma will leave you craving for more. It is an excellent addition to any beverage or dish.
Making spearmint tea is easy. Boil water, add the leaves and steep for about five minutes, or longer if you prefer a stronger flavor. Strain the leaves into a glass mug or cup, and serve. If you wish, you can add honey for flavoring. Then, enjoy! You don’t need to spend a fortune to make your own delicious drink. The aroma of spearmint will make you want to share it with your friends and family.
19. Garlic (Krathiam)
Garlic is a flowering bulbous plant in the genus Allium. Its relatives include onion, shallot, leek, chive, Welsh onion, and Chinese onion. The plant can be used in cooking and is also used as an ornamental plant. Although it is related to onions and shallot, it is not a member of the family. It is used primarily for its flavor and aroma. For many people, it’s a very simple and affordable way to increase the flavor of a dish.
The benefits of garlic extend beyond flavor. It is used in cooking and as herbal medicine. It is known to lower cholesterol and blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease. It works by relaxing blood vessels and preventing platelet aggregation. It also helps regulate blood clotting by reducing cholesterol levels and increasing circulation to the legs. Though it is not as effective as other herbs and supplements, garlic has many benefits for those suffering from high cholesterol, diabetes, or enlarged prostate.
The benefits of garlic are many. It can lower blood pressure and cholesterol, and reduce the risk of heart disease. It can also relax blood vessels and prevent platelet aggregation, which reduces the risk of blood clots.
20. Sesame seeds (Nga)
Sesame, also known as benne, is a flowering plant native to India and Africa. It is widely naturalized throughout the tropical regions of the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds. The sesame plant grows in pods. Its seeds are an important staple of many cultures and diets. This article will look at the benefits of sesame and explain how it is grown. This informative guide will also give you some fun facts about sesame.
Sesame seeds are an excellent source of fiber, protein, copper, manganese, and calcium. They are also a good source of dietary fiber. The high levels of copper in sesame seeds can help prevent anemia and can boost low energy levels. You can add them to your salads, stir-fries, and dressings.
Although sesame seeds are generally safe to eat raw, it’s best to grind or crush them. Cooking, pressing, or blending sesame seeds will increase their nutritional value. However, you can enjoy sesame oil instead of the sesame seed. There are plenty of health benefits to consuming sesame. Soak some in water to obtain a natural oil that will keep you healthy for longer.
With so many different Thai spices to choose from, it can be overwhelming, especially if you are new to this type of cooking. Choose your ingredients wisely and don’t overdo it with the spices since it can have the opposite effect you wished for. If you are looking for more related articles, simply browse our webpage, since we post on a daily basis.