Matcha Powder vs. Tea Bags

Matcha powder and matcha tea bags - what's the real difference? With matcha growing rapidly in popularity thanks to its many health benefits, you may be wondering if you should buy the powder or tea bags.

Matcha Powder vs. Tea Bags

While both contain matcha, there are some significant differences in terms of quality, taste, preparation method, and cost.

Matcha is a special type of green tea made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. After the tea leaves are picked, they are steamed, stripped of stems and veins, and stone-ground into a fine, bright green powder.

Matcha powder consists entirely of this ground tea leaf powder. To prepare matcha powder, you typically whisk the powder with hot water using a special bamboo whisk to form a frothy green liquid. The powder suspends in the water instead of being strained out like regular loose leaf tea.

Matcha tea bags contain tea leaves, but are not 100% pure matcha powder. They are usually a blend of mostly regular green tea leaves with a small amount of matcha powder, typically around 2-5%.

Since the bags contain whole tea leaves, you brew them just like regular tea bags by steeping them in hot water for a few minutes. You don't consume the actual tea leaves like you do with the matcha powder.

Key Takeaway: Matcha powder is 100% ground tea leaves while tea bags are mostly regular tea leaves with a little matcha powder added. Tea bags are steeped in water whereas matcha powder is whisked into water.

Quality and Purity Differences

One of the biggest differences between matcha powder and bags is purity and quality. Matcha powder is almost always pure with no other ingredients added. Quality can range from ceremonial grade to culinary grade, but a reputable powder will contain only matcha green tea.

Matcha tea bags, on the other hand, rarely contain 100% pure matcha. As mentioned earlier, they are usually 97-99% regular green tea leaves with just 2-5% matcha powder. Some matcha tea bags don't even list matcha in the ingredients at all!

The reason bagged matcha is almost never 100% pure is that true stone-ground matcha powder is too fine to be contained in a bag. It would all dissolve into the water instantly, leaving nothing behind in the bag to steep. Therefore, manufacturers cut corners by using mostly regular tea leaves and just enough matcha to provide color and mild flavor.

Key Takeaway: Matcha powder is almost always pure with no fillers while tea bags contain very little real matcha, using regular green tea leaves instead to cut costs.

This table summarizes the main compositional differences:

ProductMatcha ContentOther Ingredients
Matcha Powder100%None
Matcha Tea Bags2-5%95-98% regular green tea

Flavor Differences

The purity and quality differences lead to significant taste distinctions between matcha powder and bags.

True matcha powder has a vibrant green color and a strong, vegetal, slightly sweet umami flavor that is quite different from regular green tea. The flavor comes from certain amino acids like L-theanine that are found in higher levels in matcha.

Matcha bags, since they contain at most 2-5% real matcha powder, lack the rich matcha flavor. Most matcha bags taste similar to any other normal green tea. Some have a slight vegetal taste from the sprinkle of matcha powder, but the matcha flavor is very faint.

So if you're looking for the true bold, umami taste of matcha, you need the powder. Tea bags simply won't provide the same flavor intensity due to their low matcha content. The powder also tends to have a naturally sweeter taste compared to bags.

Key Takeaway: True matcha powder has a strong umami flavor while matcha bags taste similar to regular mild green tea, with just a hint of vegetal flavor.

Health Benefits

Matcha is renowned for its many health and wellness benefits, from antioxidants to improved mental clarity and focus. But does the form you choose really make a difference?

As it turns out, matcha powder is the substantially healthier choice over bags. Matcha powder contains up to 137 times more antioxidants compared to regular green tea thanks to you ingesting the entire leaf.

With matcha bags, you lose most of those antioxidants by throwing away the leaves after steeping. The important catechins, EGCG, L-theanine, and other compounds are extracted at much lower efficiency compared to whisking the powder.

Additionally, some matcha bags don't even fully disclose their ingredients or the quality and origin of the matcha they do contain. So with powder, you know exactly what you're getting.

In short, if you want to reap the highly-touted wellness benefits of matcha like increased energy, metabolism and immunity, go for the powder. Matcha bags provide greatly reduced health value.

Preparation Method Differences

As described earlier, there is a major difference between how matcha powder and bags are prepared:

Matcha powder - The powder is first sifted into a cup or bowl. Hot water that was allowed to cool slightly from boiling is poured into the cup and then whisked briskly with a chasen (bamboo whisk) until thick and frothy. The preparation takes 2-3 minutes.

Matcha bags - Like any other tea bag, simply steep it in hot water for 1-3 minutes depending on taste. Some matcha bag packages provide specific guidance on water temperature and steeping time. No whisking required!

So if you want a quicker, easier preparation method, tea bags win over having to whisk powder. But part of matcha tradition is the whisking process itself, which many matcha drinkers enjoy as part of the experience.

Cost Differences

You'll typically pay a higher price for matcha powder versus tea bags. For reference, matcha powder costs around $2-4 per serving while matcha bags are $1 or less per bag.

Of course there is huge variation here - ceremonial grade powder can cost $7-10 per serving for example. But generally matcha powder comes at a premium price versus tea bags.

The cost difference stems from a few factors:

  • True matcha is expensive to produce due to the labor-intensive process required. Tea bags are much simpler to manufacture.
  • You get far more servings per package with tea bags than matcha powder. Powder packaging contains just enough for 15-30 servings usually.
  • Tea bags use mostly filler tea leaves rather than real matcha, cutting costs substantially.

Just remember that with matcha powder, you tend to get what you pay for. Higher prices lead to better quality, purity, flavor and health benefits compared to cheap powder or tea bags.

Which One Should You Choose?

Now that you know the differences across quality, taste, cost and preparation method, which option is better: matcha powder or tea bags?

Here is a quick summary:

Matcha Powder Pros

  • 100% real stone-ground matcha
  • Much higher antioxidant and nutrient levels
  • Delicious true matcha flavor
  • More expensive

Tea Bags Pros

  • Easy to prepare
  • Very affordable
  • Provides mild matcha flavor

For health and authentic taste - Go with matcha powder. You'll pay more but get 100% purity, vastly higher nutrition, and the real matcha experience.

For convenience and cost - Choose matcha tea bags. The flavor is less intense but preparation is simpler and price lower.

So choose based on your priorities - health versus price, taste versus convenience. Hopefully knowing the key differences helps make your decision easier!


Is there really no true matcha in tea bags?

There can be pure matcha powder in tea bags, but it's extremely rare. Almost all bagged matcha contains regular green tea leaves with 2-5% powder at most.

Are the health benefits completely different?

Yes, you'll get far higher antioxidant, amino acid, and nutrient levels from matcha powder. Matcha bags provide some benefits but powder is up to 100+ times more potent.

Can you make lattes and baking recipes with tea bags?

We don't recommend it - these recipes rely on the pureness of matcha powder. Bags contain mostly regular tea leaves that won't dissolve properly and could ruin recipes.

Which one is easier: whisking powder or steeping bags?

Steeping tea bags is easier and quicker than whisking up powder. But many enjoy whisking powder as part of the traditional matcha preparation process.

Will I get used to the strong flavor of matcha powder?

Yes! Matcha has a unique umami taste but many grow to love it over time. Adding milk or sweeteners also mellows out the flavor if it's too intense at first.


Matcha powder and matcha tea bags differ quite a bit across purity, quality, taste, cost, and preparation method.

In summary, matcha powder provides the true matcha experience with 100% purity, higher nutrition and antioxidant levels, bold vegetal flavor, and traditional whisking method. But the powder is more expensive and slightly harder to prepare.

Matcha bags compromise on quality and health benefits but offer convenience, mild flavor, and affordability.

Sarah Cortez
Sarah Cortez

My name is Sarah and I'm a baker who loves trying out new recipes and flavor combinations. I decided to challenge myself to use a new spice or ingredient powder in my baking each week for a year. Some successes were the cardamom sugar cookies, vivid turmeric cake, and beetroot chocolate cupcakes. Failures included the bitter neem brownies and overwhelmingly hot ghost pepper snickerdoodles. Through this experience I've discovered amazing additions to spice up desserts while learning how to balance strong flavors. Follow my journey as I push the boundaries of baking with unique powders!

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